CHILD LABOUR IN India :
Early winter morning sitting in the balcony I was seeing the tea shop in front of me and the younger boy working over there. When we all were having a cup of tea in our hands and enjoying the winter morning then millions of children were working here and there in any shop or as a housekeeper etc.
“ The small hands working with teacups and tools
They are everyday ready for need and survival
Some have an ailing sister
While some have mother
To get home a penny they get beaten by others.”
According to the United Nations there are 30 million child labours in India under the age of (5-18). This data represents the gloomy image of childhood in India.
Being an agriculturally dominant country more than 50 percent children are engaged in the agriculture sector . And most of the children in the central belt are engaged in rolling bidi, bangle making, carpet weaving, firecracker making etc.
Roadside ‘dhabas’ and other eateries largely employed children . Working couples very often employ girl children for their daily chores and taking care of their child. These girls rarely get enough and nutritional food while getting beaten or abused.
Do you ever think what kind of mental trauma and feeling these children feel when treated this way?
Although the picture is very gloomy but let us understand the reasons of child labour in India :
According to a report 5 states are accountable for about 50 percent of incidents ;these are Uttar Pradesh,Bihar,Madhya Pradesh,Andhra Pradesh,maharashtra.
Impacts of child labour –
- Lack of education
- Lack of skills and innovation
- Patriarchal mind set of family leads to girl child labour and gets them abused very often
- Lack of adequate resources available for the rural poor people lack of sanitation leads early death of the male head of family and the burden comes to the children in a very early stage of age
- Lack of awareness of the benefits and schemes being run by the government. for the poor and marginalized section of population.
- Absence or poor quality of school in rural areas, either teachers are absent or the quality of education is indulging.
- High school drop out ratio.
- According to world bank India still accounts 30 percent of child marriages in India
- Child marriages lead to school drop out of girls even if they wish to continue.
- India economy is more or less self employed and most of the people are either having a farm or having a small shop and asking children to help them as an helping hand
- Many children are now trafficked into factory and informal sectors
Although child labour isn’t a regional problem but many countries like in Europe have included this clause in their non tarrif barriers and Any product with such inclusion is rejected:India still needs to take serious step towards.
At this point of time we must think “ have we taken any serious step in this direction”??
Although India’s child labour law has been amended recently banning all kinds of work for 5-14 years of age and hazardous work also. But exceptions for media and own family business were made.The new anti -trafficking act establishes a stringent framework to stop trafficking and to rehab. the victims.But these efforts might not be enough where the problem is deep rooted in the socio-political milieu
- Mental and psychological trauma on the children’s mind.
- Girl children are sexually assaulted at the workplace .
- Children are trafficked further
- Deprivation of children from skills and education makes them vulnerable for market forces
- The hazardous smoke from the bangle factory negatively harms the child’s health and leading to heart and lungs disease in an early age
- The nutrition deprived girls when giving birth to a child ,it increases the child mortality rate and the maternal mortality rate too and the poor picture of demographic dividend .
- This kind of malnutrition leads to child wasting ,stunting ,and hidden hunger.
Their time if for enjoy
Their hands are for play
So,let us join hands to reclaim their childishness.