Recent report of intergovernmental panel on climate change 1.5 degree called for global emission to reach net zero by 2050.although for some countries it is like about to reach by net zero emission and for some countries it will require some extra time.Developed countries used a disproportionate share of the carbon space.
Where India stands?
Being a climate vulnerable country India must contribute to limiting global temperature rise below 1.5 degree celcius. For this to get achieved India needs global climate negotiations and its own developmental need to get reduced a little bit. Though India’s per capita carbon emissions are less than half the world average.
A target of achieving net-zero emission by 2050 would require serious compromise with India’s developmental needs and its futuristic projects to get completed than the developed countries.
What should be done?
It would require sectoral transformations for carbon-emitting to non or less carbon-emitting technologies.
India must focus on concrete, clear approach towards net zero emission technologies.
Aggressive adaptation of technologies that are within our reach.
We need sectoral low carbon emission technologies and pathways in areas where India is changing rapidly.
By approaching these technologies India can over time get more specific about future economy-wide net-zero targets.
How to de-carbonize the power sector?
It’s in high demand that we decarbonize the electricity which is emitting almost 40% of India’s greenhouse gas emission.
De-carbonized electricity would also allow India to undertake transformational changes along with industrial development this can be done by expanding the use of renewable energy sources.
We must reduce the use of coal based power plants and energy sources.
How to reduce coal use?
India needs to take a pledge that it would not increase the use of coal-based energy use beyond the present limit by making coal-based generation cleaner and more efficient.
Reducing coal use would bring reduced air pollution, water pollution, and also climate change to a positive and tolerable limit.
Switching towards low carbon-emitting or zero carbon-emitting sources would also generate livelihood sources in the renewable energy sector.
The cost of production and the cost of using energy would also get reduced.
It will also address the power sector issues like poor financing, management of distribution companies requiring a great change.
To achieve the goal of a trillion-dollar economy we need to focus more on creating sources of livelihood and this could be achieved through participating with the private sector, international companies and using these methods to create jobs.
Although India’s performance is good enough in the recent past towards the zero-carbon emission technologies but still India may consider timelines towards a positive pathway. This would require an assessment with a timeline and low carbon-opportunities. India could also use this time as an opportunity to develop a strategic road map to enhance its own technology progress and innovate further.